Relating Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning


Currently, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning are being used, not only as personal assistants for internet activities, but also to answer phones, drive vehicles, provide insights through Predictive and Prescriptive Analytics, and so much more. Artificial Intelligence can be broken down into two categories: Strong (also known as General or Broad) AI and Weak (Applied or Narrow) AI. According to a recent Dataversity interview with Adrian Bowles, the lead analyst at Aragon Research, Strong AI is the goal of achieving intelligence equal to a human’s, and continues to evolve in that direction.

The debate on the differences between Artificial Intelligence vs. Machine Learning are more about the particulars of use cases and implementations of the technologies, than actual real differences – they are allied technologies that work together, with AI being the larger concept that Machine Learning is a part of. Deep Learning also fits into this debate and is a more distinct usage of Machine Learning.

Weak AI describes the status of most Artificial Intelligence entities currently in use, said Bowles, which is highly focused on specific tasks, and very limited in terms of responses. (AI entities answering phones is an example of weak AI.) There is a trend in corporations to replace human workers with AI controlled robots, rationalizing the practice with the argument humans don’t actually want to do tedious, boring work. That a corporation saves large amounts of money by using Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, and robotics, rather than people, is mentioned less often.

Artificial Intelligence vs. Machine Learning: Lots of Confusion

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning are two popular catchphrases that are often used interchangeably. The two are not the same thing, and the assumption they “are” can lead to confusing breakdowns in communications. Both terms are used frequently when discussing Analytics and Big Data, but the two catchphrases do not have the same meaning. Artificial Intelligence (AI) came first, as a concept, with Machine Learning (ML), as a method for achieving Artificial Intelligence, emerging later.

The Future for Human Workers

Theoretically (according to some), truck drivers and taxi drivers will be replaced by AI by the year 2027. About the same time, robots, controlled by AI, will take over flipping burgers in restaurants and assembly line work in factories. Bankers, lawyers, and doctors will begin to rely on Artificial Intelligence for consulting purposes more and more (Rather than being replaced, people working in these career fields will be “augmented” by AI, at least for a while.) Watson, IBM’s AI, can currently be used to access professional information for lawyers, doctors, bankers, and nonprofessionals. Such prognostications may or may not play out in reality, but to be sure, Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning are changing the way the world works.

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