The next time you visit a hospital, do not be surprised if you find robots as your new nursing assistants.
Robots can imitate human motions as well as effectively coordinate their actions with humans even with surgeries, a research has found.
However, the goal of the use of technology is not to remove human expertise from the operating room, but to complement it with a robot’s particular skills and benefits, the researchers said.
“Although robotic (co)workers and collaborators will definitely change the work market, but they won’t steal job opportunities. They will just allow us to decrease workload and achieve better performances in several tasks, from medicine to industrial applications,” said Elena De Momi from the Polytechnic University of Milan in Italy.
In the study, the team trained a robot to imitate natural human actions.
The researchers first photographed a human being conducting numerous reaching motions, in a way similar to handing instruments to a surgeon.
These photographs were input into the neural network of the robotic arm, which is crucial to controlling movements.
Next a human operator guided the robotic arm in imitating the reaching motions that the human subject had initially performed.
Nearly 70 percent of the time the actions of the robotic arms were “biologically inspired,” which indicated that their neural networks had effectively learned to imitate human behavior, the researchers observed.